IEC election observers

Photo: Masixole Feni/GroundUp

IEC calls for more election observers

Over 23,000 voting stations but only 6,000 observers expected currently

IEC election observers

Photo: Masixole Feni/GroundUp

Originally published by GroundUp/James Stent

  • The deadline for election observer registration closes Friday 1 October but the IEC says it will consider late applications.
  • It currently expects about 6,000 observers, which is in line with previous elections.
  • With over 23,000 voting stations, in an ideal scenario there would be over 60,000 independent, civil society observers.
  • Observers help ensure the public has confidence in the election results.

The deadline for election observer registration closes Friday 1 October (today). 

The Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) and long-standing election observers have called for more civil society and faith-based organisations to sign-up members as election observers ahead of the 1 November 2021 Municipal Elections.

Since 1994, South Africa’s elections have been regarded as transparent, free and fair. Independent election observers play a vital role in ensuring they remain that way and that there is popular confidence in the voting process and the election results.

Observers check the voting process at voting stations, watch the counting and the determination of the results for any irregularities or abuse. During the counting process, which is done behind closed doors, with only the party agents, candidates, security and electoral staff present, the election observers watch on behalf of civil society.

Mlungisi Kelembe, IEC head of commission services, told GroundUp that while the deadline for observer accreditation is Friday 1 October, late applications will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

Kelembe said that the IEC encourages more organisations to apply for accreditation, but it urged interested organisations to do so hastily as timelines are tight. Once accreditation is approved, the observers require training.

Kelembe said that the IEC had received 81 applications so far, with 31 organisations granted accreditation, 17 applications being processed, and 26 applications requiring further information from the applicants. Kelembe said that the IEC was currently expecting more than 6,000 independent observers. He said that it is difficult to say right now how the current registration process compares to previous elections, but he said that the IEC would like as many observers as possible.

In previous elections, the IEC registered on average 60 to 90 organisations, with between 4,000 to 6,000 observers. National elections tended to attract more international observers.

Kelembe also wished to emphasise that election observation is completely voluntary. “The IEC cannot pay people to provide an opinion on our work. We need responses of exactly what happened on the ground.”

Reverend Annie Kirke of More Than Peace, which has trained election observers across the continent in Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Burundi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe, told GroundUp that many more organisations should register to do election observation.

“There will be 23,151 voting stations active in the upcoming municipal elections. Ideally you would want an observer there throughout the whole process of opening, voting, closing, counting and tabulation. Depending on the voting station it can take 24 hours. Some voting stations in the [last National and Provincial] elections didn’t finish counting and tabulation until four or five in the morning. So, you’d want about three observers per station,” she said.

“We’re really looking at at least 60,000 observers. We critically need many more organisations, faith-based, and civil society, broadly, registering.”

Reverend Kirke says that South African election observers play an increasingly important role in elections across the continent. More than Peace is working with the National Foundations Dialogues Initiative, an NPO that brings together major public interest foundations, to establish a national independent observer mission, and will be releasing online training materials for observer organisations in the coming month.

Organisations can register for observation duties online at the IEC’s website. They must provide

  • the organisation’s logo;
  • a copy of the organisation’s deed of foundation or constitution;
  • a statement of the reasons why the organisation is suitable for accreditation to observe the election process;
  • an affirmation that the organisation and its people are committed to cooperating with the IEC in relation to training, conduct and deployment; and
  • the personal details of the observers that the organisation will be appointing.

Accreditation online is free.

Observers must identify themselves with clothing that says “Election Observer” in large font on the front and back of their clothing. Observers must be independent of any party or candidate contesting the election, be neutral, and be able to report to the IEC about the conditions at the polls.