Antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are used in the treatment and prevention of HIV infection. Photo: Pixabay
Antiretrovirals(ARVs) prevent the gradual progression of (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) HIV which gradually destroys the immune system eventually leading to (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) AIDS.
The main task for ARVs is to reduce a person’s viral load to an undetectable level, often described as fewer than 50 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood.
An article by Medical News Today explains how the infection kills cells that protect your body:
“HIV targets white blood cells called CD4 T cells that help protect the body from infection by killing these cells, HIV progressively weakens the body’s defenses against infection and illness, leading to complications that can be fatal”